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While its causes are not yet determined with certainty, these factors contribute to the development of hypertension, or high blood pressure:

  • Lethargy or lack of physical activity
  • Bad eating habits
  • Family history
  • Older age
  • Obesity

There are several health disorders linked with high blood pressure, including cardiovascular disorders, heart disease, kidney problems and eye conditions:

Atherosclerosis involves the buildup of fatty material in the inside walls of the blood vessels. The accumulation of plaque adds more force and stress on the affected arteries, contributing to the risk of hypertension.

Heart disease is a common disorder linked with high blood pressure. With plaque buildup in the arteries, the heart receives less blood. Hypertension also contributes to abnormal functioning of the heart muscles, increasing the likelihood of stroke.

Treatment of high blood pressure may require healthy lifestyle changes. These changes include eating right and regular exercise. Tobacco smoking should also be eliminated, while alcohol consumption should be limited.

If you believe you or your loved one is struggling with high blood pressure or have been diagnosed with the condition, it is vital that you seek medical checkup regularly.



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UpToDate Medical Library

Welcome to our UpToDate library. The information shared below is provided to you as an educational and informational source only and is not intended to replace a medical examination or consultation, or medical advice given to you by a physician or medical professional.

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Map and driving directions
Map and driving directions
Map and driving directions